The main goal in moving to a ketogenic diet is to exhaust your body of its previous energy source, glucose, and to transition your body to instead rely on ketones for fuel. Making the jump headfirst into this type of diet can be difficult, no one is denying that; but when it comes to your health, you gotta do what you gotta do!
With the below tips discussing macro tracking and conscious effort on your part, there’s nothing you can’t do!
Real Balanced is here to help you along the way. If you have any questions we don’t address below, feel free to leave your comments below!
Where to Begin
Calculate Your Macros
While on a ketogenic diet, there is a general macronutrient (“macro”) breakdown you can follow to track your food intake:
- High Fat – 60%-80% of total calories come from fat.
- Moderate Protein – 15%-35% of total calories come from protein.
- Low Carbohydrate – 5% or less of total calories come from carbohydrates.
Everyone’s macro intake will be different based on your body type, but luckily, you can calculate your personal macros with this macro calculator to see what will work best for you, your goals, and your body weight/type!
As you begin to track your macros and limit your carb intake, your body will deplete its supply of glycogen, transitioning your energy from a state of glycosis to ketosis. For more information on the basics and the benefits of a ketogenic diet, check out my ketogenic diet resource index!
As you learn more about what you can and cannot eat and find your favorite recipes, eating will be much easier! Many keep their carb intake to under 40-50 grams of net carbs, but the ideal goal is for your intake to be below 20 grams of net carbs (the formula to calculate net carbs: total carb content – fiber – sugar alcohols = net carbs).
Invest In A Food Scale
To accurately track your food intake, you are going to need a food scale. I use this food scale, which I purchased from Amazon and it has served me well for the past few years.
If, however, you want to be a little more lenient and aren’t looking to be “as accurate,” you can skip on the food scale and just do your best to guesstimate the weight of food.
Personally, I suggest you weigh your food with a food scale for at least 6 months (you might be surprised to see just how much 2 tablespoons of nut or seed butter is!) and, once you have a good eye for it, you can start moving away from weighing everything.
I used to weigh every morsel of food I ate, but I now can quite accurately look at food and know how many grams or ounces it weighs. Using this tactic allows me to still follow a macro-based ketogenic protocol, yet doesn’t require me to lug a food scale around with me.
How to track your carb intake on a keto diet
Going from eating a diet high in carbohydrates to a diet that contains less than 5% of calories coming from carbs may be a difficult transition, but, trust me, it can be done! When following a ketogenic diet, tracking your carbs, specifically your net carbs, is key.
Why net carbs?
Because “dietary fiber does not have a significant metabolic effect” and, therefore, doesn’t lead to an insulin spike. Tracking net carbs versus total carbs allows for a much higher intake of many nutrient-dense foods like vegetables, nuts and seeds, and even chocolate!
Additionally, it is important to note that sugar alcohols are calculated just like fiber (e.g., grams of sugar alcohol can be subtracted from total carbs). This is especially good to know if you’re like me and LOVE dessert! Low-carb sweeteners, like my favorite, monk fruit sweetener, contain 0 grams of net carbs per serving (4g total carbs – 4g sugar alcohols = 0g net carbs).
What to eat on a Keto Diet
Low-carb, high-fats is the basis of the ketogenic diet. Most people usually hone in on the “low-carb” part, completely forgetting about high-fats. For most diets, fats will account for upwards of 70% of your intake. This is a LOT!
Some of our favorite ways to get easy fats:
- Fattier cuts of meat
- BACON (!!!)
- Pork belly
- Olive oil
- Avocado oil
- Try medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) as a supplement in your ketogenic diet (you can use code “REALBALANCED” for 15% off your orders of Perfect Keto MCT Oil!)
- Butter (or ghee for dairy-free)
- Heavy cream
- Hard cheese
- Cream cheese
- Nuts and seeds
- If following a nut-free diet and you want to incorporate something similar to nut butter, SunButter Sunflower Butter is a great option!
- Fat bombs (you can see all of our fat bomb recipes HERE with this free E-book!)
- Lakanto Monk Fruit Sweetener keeps all of these fat bomb recipes keto-friendly (use code “REALBALANCED” for 20% off Lakanto brand products!)
Protein on a Keto Diet
The other main macronutrient that you want to monitor the most is protein, which will replace your intake of carbs. The protein converts to glucose, meaning that eating a LOT of protein is NOT conducive to a ketogenic diet. Staying on track with how much protein you consume is key, otherwise you will have troubles consistently staying in ketosis.
If you prefer to use exact numbers, the generally accepted amount of protein to be consumed on a ketogenic diet is between 0.6 grams and 1.2 grams per pound of lean body mass. Those who are less active will be only need to consume around 0.6 grams, while those more active and athletic will be in the 0.9-1.2 grams range.
Ideas for protein and recipes to try:
What to Limit or Avoid on a Keto Diet
Your main goal is to avoid foods filled with sugars and starch. There are a myriad of alternatives to all the foods listed in the graphic above.
Heavy, starch-filled items should be altogether avoided. While bread, pasta, rice, and potatoes may taste good, there are plenty of keto-friendly alternatives to each of these!
Soft drinks, sugary juices, and energy drinks full of sugar must also be eliminated from your diet. You probably don’t realize just how much sugar is in those things!
Here are some of my favorites:
- Cauliflower rice for white rice (try Cilantro Lime Cauliflower Rice)
- Bagels (try Low-Carb Cinnamon Sugar Bagels)
- Bread (try Nut-Free Keto Bread)
- Zoodles (zucchini noodles) for pasta
And for those who love their ketchup and super sugary sauces and jams, I hate to break it to you: but these are not recommended for a ketogenic diet. 🙁 What you CAN have instead: mayonnaise, olive oil, aiolis, vinaigrette, and mustard.
What to drink
Water will obviously be your number one option and should be your go-to daily, hourly, all the time! Coffee and tea are also a great option to drink on a keto diet. You can even incorporate some extras in your coffee and tea, like collagen, MCT oil, and MCT oil powder. (Remember that you can use code “REALBALANCED” for 15% off your Perfect Keto products!)
Milk is not recommended as lactose is processed by our bodies as sugar. If you love milk in your coffee, I’d suggest replacing that with heavy cream, butter, and/or coconut oil!
I should also be sure to mention that the occasional glass of wine won’t hurt! 😉
Summary of macro tracking on a keto diet
Track your net carbs. Eat meats, veggies, and healthy fats. Stay away from sugary drinks, foods, and snacks, along with starch-filled food items. I believe in you!
If you have any questions about more specific things you can or cannot eat, ask away below!